Analysis of Liver Fibrosis Degree with APRI Score and FIB-4 Index on Patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Gillian Elvira Seipalla, Nurahmi Nurahmi, Ibrahim Abd Samad

Abstract


Liver fibrosis is the accumulation of Extracellular Matrix Protein (EMP) scar tissue after acute or chronic liver injury. Liver
biopsy is the gold standard test for evaluating liver fibrosis in patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). This
diagnostic method is invasive, painful, and complicated in rare cases; thus the noninvasive methods such as laboratory tests
and radiology had been proposed to assess liver fibrosis in NAFLD and are expected to overcome the limitations of liver
biopsy. This method consists of aspartate Aminotransferase to the Platelet Ratio Index (APRI) and fibrosis-4 (FIB-4).This
research was retrospective cross-sectional performed at Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital Makassar involving 63 subjects
from January to June 2018. The correlated variables were presented in categorical and numerical data and the Pearson
correlation test was used to determine the compatibility of APRI score and FIB-4 index with Fibroscan result in patients
with NAFLD. A highly significant positive correlation (p <0.001) was found between APRI score and Fibroscan (correlation
value = 45.8%), APRI score and FIB-4 index (correlation value = 91.8%), FIB-4 index and Fibroscan (correlation
value = 47.6%). The score of Aminotransferase to platelet ratio index score and FIB-4 index could be an alternative method
instead of a liver biopsy to predict the degree of fibrosis in patients with NAFLD.


Keywords


Liver fibrosis, APRI score, FIB-4 index

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24293/ijcpml.v26i2.1414

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