PROFIL LIPID PENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE 2 P

S Josten, Mutmainnah ., Hardjoeno .

Abstract


Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) tends to increasing worldwide. The main cause of death in type 2 DM is coronary
heart disease (CHD) and its mortality rate can increase 2 to 4 times compared to non-diabetics. One of the risk factors in CHD is
dyslipidemia. To know the lipid profile based on age and gender and to assess the relation of total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and TG level
to age. Descriptive retrospective study in patients with type 2 DM who are 45 years old and over. From 100 Type 2 DM patients, in the
Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital, Makassar, period of June to December 2005, the largest age group
with dyslipidemia was > 59 years old, with increase LDL level, 32.73% in males and 46.67% in females. There was a significant relation
between the in crease of TG (p = 0.03) and the decrease of HDL (p = 0.02) with age. Dyslipidemia in type 2 DM patients at age group
> 59 years old was shown by an increase in LDL level. The increase of TG and decrease of HDL level were significant in all age groups.
Restriction of this study was not to check the antilipidemic medicine used. Early dyslipidemia of Type 2 DM should be known by lipid
fraction determination and further dyslipidemia study should be conducted to predict the risk of CHD.


Keywords


Type 2 DM, CHD, dyslipidemi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24293/ijcpml.v13i1.894

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