IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA

Alvina ., Diana Aulia

Abstract


Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is an autoimunne disease with low platelet count and bleeding manifestation like purpura,
echymosis, petechie, mucosa membrane bleeding. The cause of ITP is platelet coated with specific thrombocyte autoantibody. Idiopathic
thrombocytopenic purpura is classified as primary or secondary. The primary ITP is classified as acute and chronic.. Children and adult
onset idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura are different. An Acute ITP can be found in children and chronic onset can be found in adult.
The duration of bleeding may help to distinguish acute and chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. The diagnosis of idiopathic
thrombocytopenic purpura remains one of exclusion after other thrombocytopenic disease are ruled out based on history and need
anamnesa, physical examination, thrombocyte count, perifer blood smear examination, bone marrow smear examination. The treatment
is to raise the platelet count into a hemostatically safe range. This article presented a study case of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
on an old woman with DIC which caused her death.


Keywords


thrombocytopenia, thrombocyte autoantibody

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24293/ijcpml.v16i3.1036

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