BAKTERI PATOGEN AEROB DAN UJI KEPEKAANNYA DI RUANGAN BEDAH PUSAT

Agustini Agustini, Nurhayana Sennang, Benny Rusli

Abstract


An operating room is potential in causing nosocomial infection in a hospital, especially due to surgical wound infections. Nosocomial
infection raises the length of day care and disease transmission risk. According to Permenkes No. 1204/Menkes/SK/X/2004, the operating
room is a highly infection risk area. The aim of this study is to know the determination of the amount of bacterial colonies count, and
the sensitivity identification pattern of pathogenic bacteria in the central operating rooms at the Dr Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital.
A cross sectional study was done by taking air samples using a Microbiology Air Sampler 100 in six central operating rooms in Dr.
Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital. Counting bacterial colonies, identifying pathogenic bacteria and sensitivity test were done at the Balai
Besar Laboratorium Kesehatan Makassar (from May to June 2010). The result of the study shows that the amount of bacterial colonies
found were approximately 148–440 CFU/m3 aerobic pathogenic bacteria consisting of Alcaligenes faecalis and Serratia liquefaciens
which were sensitive to sulbactam+ cefoperazone, gentamycin, levofloxacin but resistant to ampicillin, nitrofurantoin, clindamycin and
metronidazole. The researchers concluded that the amount of bacterial colonies found exceeded the Permenkes standard. The pathogenic
bacteria were sensitive to sulbactam+ cefoperazone, gentamycin and levofloxacin however, resistant to ampicillin, nitrofurantoin,
clindamycin, and metronidazole.


Keywords


Aerobic bacteria, pathogen bacteria, sensitivity test, the central operation room

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24293/ijcpml.v20i2.1073

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