Soluble Suppression of Tumorigenicity-2 Levels As Prognostic Marker in Non-ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Sherly Purnamawaty, Tenri Esa, Ibrahim Abd Samad

Abstract


Acute Myocardial Infarction (IMA) is the most severe manifestation of coronary arterial disease, and about 60%-75% of
IMA is NSTEMI. It is known that complications are associated with high mortality rates; therefore, predicting the
development of complications in NSTEMI will help physicians improve risk stratification and determine optimal treatment.
Suppression of tumorigenicity-2 (ST2) is a family of interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptors. Ischemia, injury, and myocardial infarction
will cause cardiomyocytes to release sST2 associated with a worse prognosis. This study aimed to analyze sST2 levels in
NSTEMI patients as a prognostic marker. This study used a prospective cohort method performed on NSTEMI patients
treated at Pusat Jantung Terpadu of Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital during March 2019. Forty-two patients were
involved as samples. All patients were tested for sST2 levels by immunochromatography and followed up during
hospitalization. Data on the development of heart failure, arrhythmia, cardiogenic shock, sudden cardiac arrest, length of
stay, and outcome were recorded during follow-up. Data were statistically analyzed with Mann-Whitney and Spearman test.
The results of the sST2 level in NSTEMI with and without heart failure were 114.09±92.01 ng/mL and 58.94±57.75 ng/mL
(p=0.014), respectively. There was no significant difference between sST2 levels in NSTEMI with complications of
arrhythmias, cardiogenic shock, and sudden cardiac arrest compared and patients without those complications (p>0.05).
The level of sST2 was significantly higher in NSTEMI patients who passed away (164.05±77.35 ng/mL) than those who
survived (72.55±73.15 (p=0.027). There was no correlation between sST2 levels and length of stay (p=0.947). It was
concluded that sST2 levels could be a prognostic marker for NSTEMI, particularly heart failure and outcome.


Keywords


NSTEMI, sST2 heart failure, arrhythmia, cardiogenic shock, sudden cardiac arrest, mortality

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24293/ijcpml.v26i2.1533

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