Susceptibility Pattern of ESBL Urine Specimens in Non-Intensive Care Room at Ulin General Hospital

Alicia Fitri Wulandhany, Dewi Indah Noviana Pratiwi, Noor Muthmainah, Agung Biworo

Abstract


Beta-lactam antibiotic resistance can occur in ESBL-producing bacteria such as E.coli and K.pneumoniae, which can cause UTI. One of the risk factors for infection is the non-intensive care space density level. The objective of this study was to determine the sensitivity pattern of ESBL-producing bacteria in urine specimens of patients in the non-intensive care of Ulin General Hospital, Banjarmasin, in the period of 2016-2018. A descriptive study with a cross-sectional design using data results of urine culture and antibiotic susceptibility patterns data in non-intensive care patients at Ulin General Hospital from 2016 to 2018. The urine test results showed 96 positive isolates of ESBL-producing bacteria, consisting of ESBL-E.coli (69.8%) and ESBL-K.pneumonia (30.2%). Antibiotics with low sensitivity tests were Penicillin, Cephalosporin, Monobactam, and Penicillin/beta-lactam inhibitor combinations. Contrastingly, antibiotics with high sensitivity were Aminoglycoside, Carbapenem, and Glycylcycline. It was concluded from this study that the ESBL-producing bacteria in urine specimens for non-intensive care patients of Banjarmasin Ulin General Hospital in the period of 2016-2018 showed varying sensitivity to antibiotics


Keywords


ESBL, non-intensive care room, susceptibility pattern, urine

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24293/ijcpml.v27i3.1637

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