H. I. Malewa, Prihatini .


Filariasis is a disease group affecting humans and animals caused by nematode parasites of the order Filariidae, commonly called
filariae. Filarial parasites may be classified according to the habitat of the adult worms in the vertebral host. the lymphatic group
includes Wucheria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and Brugia timori. the cutaneous group includes Loa-loa, onchocerca volvulus, and
Mansonella streptocerca. the body cavity group includes Mansonella perstans and Mansonella ozzardi. these parasites are transmitted
to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. Clinical findings vary from asymptomatic until severe, depending on geography,
parasite species, immune response and intensity of the infection A 19-years-old Javanese woman, presented with oedema on right legs.
She has been suffering from oedema on right leg since she was 7-years-old. Physical examination showed elephantiasis on the right leg.
Early, the patient had swelling in right inguinal area spreading into her right leg. the oedema was persistent and become larger until
now. there was no fever and pain. She had history living in South Borneo when she was 1 until 4 years old. She did not receive any
medication before. Laboratory examination showed no abnormality both of complete blood count and clinical chemistry. From thin blood
smear examination many forms of microfilariae were found. the data showed manifestation of filariasis in the blood.


filariasis, elephantiasis, microfilariae

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24293/ijcpml.v15i1.951


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